3-Day Training


Duration 3 days
Capacity 10 pax
Difficulty beginner


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This hands-on training teaches concepts, techniques and tools to understand the behavior and characteristics of malware by combining two powerful techniques, malware analysis and memory forensics.

Malware analysis and memory forensics are powerful analysis and investigative techniques used in reverse engineering, digital forensics and incident response. Adversaries are becoming more sophisticated and carrying out advanced malware attacks on critical infrastructures, Data Centers, private and public organizations. This makes detecting, responding and investigating such intrusions increasingly critical for information security professionals. Malware analysis and memory forensics have become a must-have skill for fighting advanced malwares, targeted attacks and security breaches.

This course will introduce attendees to basics of malware analysis,reverse engineering, Windows internals and memory forensics. It will then gradually progress deeper into more advanced concepts of memory forensics.

This course uses hands-on labs using real world malware samples and infected memory images (Crimewares, APT malwares, Rootkits etc) to help attendees gain better understanding of the subject. The training also shows how these techniques can be incorporated in a sandbox to automate malware analysis. After taking this course attendees will be equipped with skill to analyze, investigate and respond to malware related incidents.

Students will be provided with:

– Course material
– Lab solution material
– Videos used in the course
– Malware samples used in the course/labs
– Memory Images used in the course/labs
– Custom Scripts
– Linux VM (to be opened with VMware Workstation/Fusion) containing necessary tools and samples

Key Learning Objectives

  • How malware and Windows internals work
  • How to create a safe and isolated lab environment for malware analysis
  • What are the techniques and tools to perform malware anlaysis
  • How to perform static analysis to determine the metadata associated with malware
  • How to perform dynamic analysis of the malware to determine its interaction with process,filesystem, registry and network
  • How to perform code analysis to determine the malware functionality
  • How to debug a malware using tools like IDA pro, Ollydbg/Immunity debugger
  • What is Memory Forensics and its use in malware and digital investigation
  • Ability to acquire a memory image from suspect/infected systems
  • How to use open source advanced memory forensics framework (Volatility)
  • Understanding of the techniques used by the malwares to hide from Live forensic tools
  • Understanding of the techniques used by Rootkits(code injection, hooking etc)
  • Investigative steps for detecting stealth and advanced malware
  • How memory forensics helps in malware analysis and reverse engineering
  • How to incorporate malware analysis and memory forensics in sandbox
  • How to determine the network and host based indicators (IOC)
  • Techniques to Hunt Malwares

Who Should Attend

This course is intended for anyone interested in learning malware analysis and memory forensics.

This includes:

  • forensic practitioners
  • incident responders
  • cyber security investigators
  • malware analysts
  • system administrators
  • software developers
  • students and
  • curious security professionals new to this field

What Students Say About This Training

“It is an excellent Malware introductory course which helps me to learn basic ideas and provide a guideline for further study in the future”

“Well organised & run”

“Particularly appreciative of how the course materials were well-prepared, and how informative [the] explanations were”

“Great course. Next time I would like to be on site.”

“Duration (3 days) was a bit too cramp for the topics to be covered.”

– From trainees of this course by Monnappa K A in HITBGSec, June 2019

Prerequisite Knowledge

The course assumes no prior knowledge of the subject and starts from the basics and slowly progresses towards advanced topics.

– Students Should be familiar with using Windows/Linux
– Students Should have an understanding of programming concepts, while programming experience is not mandatory.
– Students Should have basic understanding of malware and its role in cyber attacks

Hardware / Software Requirements

– Laptop with minimum 4GB RAM and 30GB free hard disk space
– Laptop with USB ports, lab samples and custom Linux VM will be shared via usb sticks
– VMware Workstation or VMware Fusion (even trial versions can be used).
– Windows Operating system (preferably Windows 10) installed inside the VMware Workstation/Fusion


Expand All

Introduction to Malware Analysis

– What is Malware
– What they do
– Why malware analysis
– Types of malware analysis
– Setting up an isolated lab environment

Static Analysis

– Fingerprinting the malware
– Extracting strings
– Determining File obfuscation
– Pattern matching using YARA
– Fuzzing hashing & comparison
– Understanding PE File characteristics
– Disassembly
– Demo – Static analysis of real malware sample
– Hands-on lab exercise involves analzying real malware sample

Dynamic Analysis/Behavioral analysis

– Dynamic Analysis Steps
– Understanding Dynamic Analysis tools
– Simulating services
– Performing Dynamic Analysis
– Monitoring process, filesystem, registry and network activity
– Determining the Indicators of compromise (host and network indicators)
– Demo – Showing the analysis of real malware sample
– Hands-on lab exercise involves analzying real malware sample

Automating Malware Analysis(sandbox)

– Custom Sandbox Overview
– Working of Sandbox
– Sandbox Features
– Demo – Analyzing malware in the custom sandbox

Code Analysis

– Code Analysis Overview
– Disassmbler & Debuggers
– Code Analysis Tools
– Basics of IDA Pro
– Basics of Ollydbg/Immunity Debugger
– Understanding Windows API calls
– Understanding Malware functionalities(Downloader, dropper, keylogger, code injection, http backdoor)
– Demo – Dissecting the APT Malware
– Hands-on lab exercise involves analzying real malware sample

Introduction to Memory Forensics

– What is Memory Forensics
– Why Memory Forensics
– Steps in Memory Forensics
– Memory acquistion and tools
– Acquiring memory From physical machine
– Acquiring memory from virtual machine
– Hands-on excercise involves acquiring the memory

Volatility Overview

– Introduction to Volatility Advanced Memory Forensics Framework
– Volatility Installation
– Volatility basic commands
– Determining the profile
– Volatiltiy help options
– Running the plugin

Investigating Process

– Process(EPROCESS) Structure
– Process organization
– Process Enumeration by walking the double linked list
– process relationship (parent child relationship)
– Understanding DKOM attacks
– Process Enumeration using pool tag scanning
– Volatililty plugins to enumerate processes
– Identifying malware process
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory

Investigating Process handles & Registry

– Objects and handles overview
– Enumerating process handles using Volatility
– Understanding Mutex
– Detecting malware presence using mutex
– Understanding the Registry
– Investigating common registry keys using Volatility
– Detecting malware persistence
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory

Investigating Network Activities

– Understanding malware network activities
– Volatiltiy Network Plugins
– Investigating Network connections
– Investigating Sockets
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory

Investigation Process Memory

– Process memory Internals
– Listing Dll’s using Volatility
– Identifying hidden Dll’s
– Dumping malicious executable from memory
– Dumping Dll’s from memory
– Scanning the memory for patterns(yarascan)
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory

Investigating User Mode Rootkits

– Code Injection
– Types of Code injection
– Remote DLL injection
– Remote Code injection
– Reflective DLL injection
– Hollow process injection
– Demo – Case Study
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory

Memory Forensics in Sandbox technology

– Sandbox Overview
– integrating Memory Forensics in sandbox
– Demo – showing use of memory forensics in custom sandbox

Investigating Kernel Mode Rootkits

– Understanding Rootkits
– Understanding Functional call traversal in Windows
– Level of Hooking/Modification on Windows
– Kernel Volatility plugins
– Hands-on lab exercise(scenario based) involves investigating malware infected memory
– Demo – Rootkit Investigation

Memory Forensic Case Studies

– Hunting an APT malware from Memory
– Rouge process hunting (covers various samples)

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